• Fenugreek seeds

    Fenugreek seeds are a rich source of the polysaccharide galactomannan. They are also a source of saponins such as diosgenin, yamogenin, gitogenin, tigogenin, and neotigogens. Other bioactive constituents of fenugreek include mucilage, volatile oils, and alkaloids such as choline and trigonelline. Fenugreek seeds are used as a herb in Traditional Chinese Medicine under the name Hu Lu Ba. In TCM it warms and tonifies kidneys, disperses cold and alleviates pain. Main indications are called hernia, pain in the groin. It's used raw or toasted. Fenugreek seeds or "Methi" as it is known in India, if taken/swallowed raw(about 2-3 gms)early morning with warm water even before brushing ones teeth and before tea/coffee is supposed to have a therapeutic and healing effect on joint pains, without any side effects. Fenugreek is frequently used in the production of flavoring for artificial maple syrups. The taste of toasted fenugreek, like cumin, is additionally based on substituted pyrazines.

  • Fig

    Figs (Anjeer) are seasonal fruits that are found in the western parts of Asia. However, dried figs are always available. Health benefits of figs can be attributed to the presence of minerals, vitamins and fibre in them. Figs contain vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, calcium, iron, phosphorus, manganese, sodium, potassium and chlorine.

    Figs help in healthy bowel function and prevent constipation. The fiber in figs also helps to reduce weight and is recommended for obese people. Figs also result in weight gain, when consumed with milk. Fig leaves reduce the amount of insulin needed by diabetic patients who have to take insulin injection. Fig is rich in Potassium. Potassium helps to control blood sugar. Fig leaves have anti-diabetic properties. Figs are rich in Calcium. Calcium helps to strengthen bones. Relief for throat: The high mucilage content in figs, helps to heal and protect sore throats.

    How can you enjoy the benefits of Figs?

    • Add fresh figs in salads.
    • Dried figs can be used in muffins, cakes and muesli bars.
    • Fresh dried fruits can be used in porridge, oatmeal or breakfast cereals.
    • Have in dried form (dry fruit) or you can also stuff with nuts and honey.
    • Stewed dried fig juices can be added to other dried fruits to make delicious fruit salads.
    • It can be used in various appetizer and desserts.
    • Processed figs can be used to make pies, pudding, jam and jellies.

    Fig is considered as a restorative food, since it helps people to recover from prolonged illness. However, excessive use of figs can cause diarrhea. Good amount of oxalates are present in figs and so you may need to avoid its consumption if you are suffering from kidney or gall bladder diseases.

  • Finger millet

    Finger millet, (also known as African millet or Ragi in Kannada), is an annual plant widely grown as a cereal in the arid areas of Africa and Asia. Finger millet is originally native to the Ethiopian Highlands and was introduced into India approximately 4000 years ago. It is very adaptable to higher elevations and is grown in the Himalaya up to 2,300 metres in elevation. Finger millet is especially valuable as it contains the amino acid methionine, which is lacking in the diets of hundreds of millions of the poor who live on starchy staples such as cassava, plantain, polished rice, or maize meal. Finger millet can be ground and cooked into cakes, puddings or porridge. The grain is made into a fermented drink (or beer) in Nepal and in many parts of Africa. The straw from finger millet is used as animal fodder. It is also used for as a flavoured drink in festivals

  • Flattened rice

    Flattened rice (also called beaten rice) is a dehusked rice which is flattened into flat light dry flakes. These flakes of rice swell when added to liquid, whether hot or cold, as they absorb water, milk or any other liquids. The thicknesses of these flakes vary between almost translucently thin (the more expensive varieties) to nearly four times thicker than a normal rice grain. This easily digestible form of raw rice is very popular across Nepal, North East India and Bangladesh, and is normally used to prepare snacks or light and easy fast food in a variety of Indian cuisine styles, some even for long-term consumption of a week or more. It is known by a variety of names: Pohaor Pauwa in Hindi, Baji in Newari, Pohe in Marathi, Chinde in Bengali, Chira in Assamese, Phovu in Konkani, Chudaa in Oriya and parts of Bihar and Jharkhand, Flattened rice can be eaten raw by immersing it in plain water or milk, with salt and sugar to taste, or lightly fried in oil with nuts, raisins, cardamoms, and other spices. The lightly fried variety is a standard breakfast in Malvaa region (surrounding Indore) of Madhya Pradesh.

  • Flax seeds - Linseed

    Flax (also known as common flax or linseed) (binomial name: Linum usitatissimum) is a member of the genus Linum in the family Linaceae. In a prehistoric cave in the Republic of Georgia, dyed flax fibers have been found that date to 30,000 BC. New Zealand flax is not related to flax but was named after it, as both plants are used to produce fibers. Flax is grown both for its seeds and for its fibers. Various parts of the plant have been used to make fabric, dye, paper, medicines, fishing nets, hair gels, and soap. Flax seed is the source of linseed oil, which has uses as an edible oil, as a nutritional supplement and as an ingredient in many wood finishing products. It is also grown as an ornamental plant in gardens. The inca also used this to create bowstring.

  • French beans

    French beans are defined as the unripe fruits of any kind of beans, especially common beans, the pods of which are known as string beans. Scientifically known as 'Phaseolus vulgaris', the other names by which they are commonly known are green beans, runner beans, climbing beans, wax beans, etc. These beans are smaller than common green beans and have a soft, velvety pod. French beans generally grow as a bush, which grows twelve to twenty inches tall depending upon the variety. French beans are a healthy option for many health conscious people as they are rich in many vital nutrients that are considered essential for the proper growth and metabolism of the body. French beans contain phosphorus, vitamins A, B, D and starch, much iron, which aid blood cells production. Vitamin B in them benefits the spleen and kidneys. They help to alleviate swelling stomach, bad appetite, and frequent urination.

  • Fresh Cream

    Cream is a dairy product that is composed of the higher-butterfat layer skimmed from the top of milk before homogenization. In un-homogenized milk, over time, the lighter fat rises to the top. In the industrial production of cream this process is accelerated by using centrifuges called "separators". In many countries, cream is sold in several grades depending on the total butterfat content. Cream can be dried to a powder for shipment to distant markets. Cream skimmed from milk may be called "sweet cream" to distinguish it from whey cream skimmed from whey, a by-product of cheese-making. Whey cream has a lower fat content and tastes more salty, tangy and "cheesy". Cream produced by cows (particularly Jersey cattle) grazing on natural pasture often contains some natural carotenoid pigments derived from the plants they eat; this gives the cream a slight yellow tone, hence the name of the yellowish-white color, cream. Cream from goat's milk, or from cows fed indoors on grain or grain-based pellets, is white.

  • Fruits

    Many hundreds of fruits, including fleshy fruits like apple, peach, pear, kiwifruit, watermelon and mango are commercially valuable as human food, eaten both fresh and as jams, marmalade and other preserves. Fruits are also in manufactured foods like cookies, muffins, yoghurt, ice cream, cakes, and many more. Many fruits are used to make beverages, such as fruit juices (orange juice, apple juice, grape juice, etc.) or alcoholic beverages, such as wine or brandy. Apples are often used to make vinegar. Fruits are also used for gift giving, Fruit Basket and Fruit Bouquet are some common forms of fruit gifts.

    Many vegetables are botanical fruits, including tomato, bell pepper, eggplant, okra, squash, pumpkin, green bean, cucumber and zucchini. Olive fruit is pressed for olive oil. Spices like vanilla, paprika, allspice and black pepper are derived from berries.

    Diets that include a sufficient amount of potassium from fruits and vegetables also help reduce the chance of developing kidney stones and may help reduce the effects of bone-loss. Fruits are also low in calories which would help lower ones calorie intake as part of a weight loss diet.

  • Full Masoor Dal

    The red masoor dal used in cooking is mild and almost sweet and buttery, and turns yellow once it’s cooked. This pulse is the most common item for Bengalis. Masoor Dal is a must when you are taking a major meal at Bengal. It is very healthy, easy to prepare and easy to digest.

  • Garlic

    Garlic is a simple ingredient packed with health benefits. It is very strong and bitter but adds an unbelievable flavour to any cuisine. Garlic has also been used a herb for centuries as a medicine to prevent or treat various diseases and conditions. A vital compound - Allicin, in Garlic, is known to have great anti-bacterial, anti-viral, anti-fungal and anti-oxidant properties.

    Garlic is most well-known for its antibacterial and antiviral properties. They help control bacterial, viral, fungal, yeast and worm infections. The anti-clotting properties of ajoene found in garlic help in preventing the formation of blood clots in the body. Hence, it may also increase the risk of bleeding after surgery. It is advisable to avoid garlics pre and post operations as the prolong bleeding. Garlic increases insulin release and regulates blood sugar levels in diabetics. Garlic can reduce blood pressure in people with high blood pressure by as much as 7% or 8%.

    Garlic works as a natural glue. The natural adhesive quality is why some people swear by garlic to fix hairline cracks in glass. Crush some cloves and rub the juice on the crack, wiping away any excess. You can also use garlic in place of glue for other things, such as paper crafts.