Ingredients


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    Sugarcane

    Sugarcane refers to any of 6 to 37 species (depending on which taxonomic system is used) of tall perennial grasses of the genus Saccharum (family Poaceae, tribe Andropogoneae). Native to warm temperate to tropical regions of Asia, they have stout, jointed, fibrous stalks that are rich in sugar, and measure two to six meters (six to nineteen feet) tall. All sugar cane species interbreed, and the major commercial cultivars are complex hybrids. In most countries where sugarcane is cultivated, there are several foods and popular dishes derived directly from it, such as: Raw sugarcane: chewed to extract the juice Sugarcane juice: a combination of fresh juice, extracted by hand or small mills, with a touch of lemon and ice to make a popular drink, known variously as usacha rass, guarab, guarapa, guarapo, papelón, aseer asab, ganna sharbat, mosto, caldo de cana, and ????? ?? ??. Cachaça: the most popular distilled alcoholic beverage in Brazil; a liquor made of the distillation of sugarcane Jaggery: a solidified molasses, known as gur or gud in India, traditionally produced by evaporating juice to make a thick sludge, and then cooling and molding it in buckets. Modern production partially freeze dries the juice to reduce caramelization and lighten its color. It is used as sweetener in cooking traditional entrees, sweets and desserts. Panela: solid pieces of sucrose and fructose obtained from the boiling and evaporation of sugarcane juice; a food staple in Colombia and other countries in South and Central America Molasses: used as a sweetener and a syrup accompanying other foods, such as cheese or cookies Rapadura: a sweet flour which is one of the simplest refinings of sugarcane juice Rum: a liquor made of the distillation of sugarcane commonly produced in the Caribbean. Rum is more purified than the Brasilian cachaça. Falernum: a sweet, and lightly alcoholic drink made from sugar cane juice Syrup: a traditional sweetener in soft drinks, now largely supplanted in the US by high fructose corn syrup, which is less expensive because of corn subsidies and sugar tariffs.[citation needed] Rock candy: crystallized cane juice Sayur nganten: an Indonesian soup made of trubuk stem