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    Gram flour

    Gram flour is a flour made from ground chickpeas. It is also known as chickpea flour, garbanzo flour, or besan. Used in many countries, it is a staple ingredient in Indian, Pakistani and Bangladeshi cuisines, and, in the form of a paste with water or yoghurt, a popular facial exfoliant in the Indian Subcontinent. Moreover, when mixed with an equal proportion of water, can be used as an egg-replacer in vegan cooking. Chila (or chilla), a pancake made with gram flour batter, is a popular street and fast food in India. Some of India’s most popular dishes are made with gram flour. Many deep-fried dishes are coated with a batter made of gram flour, egg, and water. These include potato croquettes called bonda, vegetable fritters called pakora, and stuffed chilies called bajji. Gram flour is also used to make a crispy Indian flatbread called papadum. Much like chickpeas themselves, gram flour is relatively high in both protein and carbohydrates. It is also rich in B-vitamins, calcium, and other minerals such as iron, phosphorous, and magnesium. As a gluten-free product, gram flour is especially favored by those with food allergies and special dietary needs.