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    Black gram (Whole)

    Vigna mungo, known as Urad, urad dal, udad dal, urd bean, urd, urid, black matpe bean, black gram, black lentil (not to be confused with the much smaller true black lentil (Lens culinaris)), maas (in Nepali), dau den (Vietnamese, literally: black bean) or white lentil, is a bean grown in southern Asia. It is largely used to make dal from the whole or split, dehusked seeds. It, along with the mung bean, was placed in Phaseolus but has been transferred to Vigna. It was at one point considered to belong to the same species as the mung bean. Black gram originated in India where it has been in cultivation from ancient times and is one of the most highly prized pulses of India. It has also been introduced to other tropical areas mainly by Indian immigrants. It is very nutritious and is recommended for diabetics, as are other pulses. It is very popular in the Punjabi cuisine of India and Pakistan where it is known as "sabit maash" an ingredient of dal makhani. In Tamil it is known as "ulunthu", in Telugu as "minumulu" , in Kannada as "Uddina Bele" , and in Oriya as "Biri Dali". Vigna mungo is used in traditional Indian(Ayurveda) medicine. Pharmacologically extracts have deomonstrated immunostimolatory activity